Cystic acne is very much like any other form of acne, though it is more severe and deep-rooted. Also called nodulocystic acne, it is characterized by deep and inflamed breakouts that are commonly seen on the facial region. However, it may affect other parts of the body too. The blemishes are usually large, with some of these measuring up to a few centimeters.
Even though the term cystic acne is synonymously used with other types of severe and inflamed acne, only the ones that form cysts belong to this category.
Cysts are serious acne blemishes that feel soft; these are filled with fluid under the surface of the skin. These pimples are painful as well.
Who Gets It?
Cystic acne generally affects anyone and everyone. However, it is more commonly seen in young men and teenage boys. Although it is said that acne runs in families, it may not be true always, though chances increase.
What Causes Cystic Acne?
Cystic acne is generally caused by common factors that lead to acne, such as:
- an overactive oil gland
- excessive dead cells appearing on the skin and inside the pores or hair follicles
- presence of acne-causing bacteria on the skin, propionibactera acnes
Inflamed blemishes generally develop when hair follicle wall bursts, thus leaking the infected material into other parts of the skin, the dermis. When the break occurs closer to the surface of the skin, the blemish remains minor, which heals rapidly. However, in case of deeper breakouts, the lesions are more serious. When the bacteria contaminated material starts infecting adjoining follicles, it causes nodules.
Cystic acne, however, is not caused by other factors that cause acne, such as drinking soda, eating sweets and lack of proper cleansing.
Cystic Acne Effects
Cystic acne breakouts can destroy and damage healthy skin tissues. Due to this, it is highly likely that scars will develop. Picking the skin or popping the nodules and cysts should be prevented, or else it can lead to severe skin damage and cause scarring. This type of acne should be treated aggressively to limit the risks and severity of scarring.
Cystic Acne Treatment
Cystic acne should be treated from within. There are some potent systemic medications needed for treating this kind of acne. Such severe forms of acne can be difficult to control. If the chosen method of treatment fails once, do not be discouraged. It may require several tries before you can find the most suited treatment for cystic acne, or a combination of different treatments, to work for your skin type.